|11-24-2011, 04:22 AM||#1|
Salamun 'Alaykum, we are now approaching the blessed month of Muharram. May all benefit in this blessed month and may Allah grant you forgiveness in this blessed month. The following notes have been taken from Ibn Rajab al-Hanbali’s valuable work Lataa’if al-Ma’aarif, a work which discusses the Islamic months and the fadaa’il of Ibaadah for each respective time.
The Importance of Muharram
This month is of great importance not only because it is the start of the new Islamic year, but the great significance it holds with Allah as stated in the Qur’an and passed down to us from blessed sayings of the Holy Prophet ﷺ
Allah says in the Qur’an:
“Verily the number of months with Allah are twelve in which was ordained in the book of Allah [i.e. the preserved tablet] the day He created the heavens and the earth. From them are four sacred months, that is the correct religion, so do not wrong yourselves therein [i.e. try not sin within this month]-[Surat ul-Tawbah ayah 36]
The Mufassireen [exegetes of the Qur’an], such as the great Sahaabi Ibn Abbas – Radiy Allahu ‘anhu – right up to the al-Mujaddid Imaam as-Suyuti – Rahimallah - unanimously agree that one of the four sacred months [al-Ashur al-Hurum] is the month of Muharram.
The Holy Prophet ﷺ referred to Muharram as the month of Allah, which alone demonstrates the great significance of this month solely because Allah’s name has been suffixed to it denoting possession. The month of Muharram is great for many reasons as many great events have happened within this month throughout history and gives us many reasons to perform optional worship and increase in good deeds as well as remember the life of the Prophets – Allah’s peace and blessings be upon them all - and other great Islamic personalities.
It has always been the month of Allah since the beginning of creation as the mentioned ayah states as Allah says that He has ordained it in the book of Allah, i.e. al-Lahw ul-Mahfuz [the preserved tablet] the day He created the heavens and the earth.
The first of Muharram is known to the Ummah of the Holy Prophet ﷺ due to the revelation of Allah where he made oath by the dawn in Surat ul-Fajr. More will be said about this shortly. The Bani Israa’el knew this sacred month by the name Rosh Hashanaa which possessed their most sacred day known to us as Ashura and known to them as Yom Kippor, i.e. the Day of Atonement. Many great events happened on the day of Ashura, therefore Muslims and Jews celebrate the month of Muharram due to these significant events.
• It is the day when Adam – alayhissalaam - was created
• Allah inspired Adam – alayhissalaam - with the revelation of tawbah
• Allah granted forgiveness to Adam – alayhissalaam - on this very day
• It is the day Noah’s – alayhissalaam - Ark came to rest on Mount Judi
• Abraham – alayhissalaam - was saved from the blazing fire on this day
• Ismaa’el – alayhissalaam - was spared from being sacrificed on this day
• Yusuf – alayhissalaam - was reunited with his father – alayhissalaam - Yaqub on this day
• The Bani Isra’el were liberated from slavery on this day
• The Bani Israa’el were forgiven by Allah on this day
• Ayub – alayhissalaam - was cured from his illness on this day
• Sulaymaan – alayhissalaam - became the Sultaan of the Bani Israa’el on this day
• Yunus – alayhissalaam - repented from the belly of the whale on this day
The First Ten Days of Muharram
The most superior part of Muharram is the first ten days which are the best days for seeking repentance. Wahb Ibn Munabbih – radiy Allahu anhu - said: “Allah spoke by revelation to Musa – alayhis-salaam – saying:
“Command you people to draw close to me [by worship and good deeds] in the first ten days of Muharram. When it is the tenth day [of Muharram] they should perform tawbah [i.e. repentance] and I will forgive them.”
The Qur’anic exegete, al-Qatadah – Allah be well pleased with him - narrates that when the Qur’an was being revealed to the Holy Prophet ﷺ, Allah made an oath in the 1st of Muharram. Allah says in the Qur’an:
“wa al-Fajr - By the Dawn” [Surat ul-Fajr, ayah 1]
Because of this revelation it is advised to be present in the masjid at fajr time on the 1st of Muharram to perform Tahhajud, tawbah and shukr as this is the beginning of a great opportunity for any sincere person seeking to have their sins forgiven. It is recommended that one has the best of intentions for this month and refrain from sinning in this month just as they was doing the tawaf of the Ka’bah whilst donning the Ihraam.
The Adhkaar of Repentance
It is the Sunnah of all the Prophets of Allah to repent to their Lord in the first ten days of Muharram. Not that they needed to repent, however, they needed to teach their respective communities how to turn to Allah is repentance. The following Adhkaar are the Adhkaar of the Anbiyah in this sacred month of Muharram. It is by these following supplications that their tawbah was successful and accepted by Allah, the Merciful and Ever Forgiving.
The Repentance of Prophet Adam – alayhissalaam -
The repentance of Adam – alayhissalaam - is clearly seen in the word of Allah, where Allah is informing us that Adam – alayhissalaam - said:
23. They said: "Our Lord! we have wronged Our own souls: if Thou forgive us not and bestow not upon us Thy Mercy, we shall certainly be lost."
The Repentance of Prophet Nuh – alayhissalaam -
Likewise, Nuh – alayhissalaam - repented to his Lord saying:
47. Noah said: "O My Lord! I do seek refuge with thee, Lest I ask Thee for that of which I have no knowledge. and unless Thou forgive me and have Mercy on me, I should indeed be lost!"
The Repentance of Prophet Musa – alayhissalaam -
Likewise, Musa – alayhissalaam - repented to his Lord saying:
16. He prayed: "O My Lord! I have indeed wronged My soul! do Thou then forgive me!" so ((Allah)) forgave him: for He is the Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful.
The Repentance of Prophet Yunus – alayhissalaam -
Likewise, Yunus – alayhissalaam - repented to his Lord in the belly of the whale saying:
87. and remember Zun-nun, when He departed In Wrath: He imagined that we had no power over Him! but He cried through the depths of darkness, "There is no god but thou: glory to thee: I was indeed wrong!"
It is advised that one uses all of these supplications, especially the latter being the most emphasized supplication to use for the first ten days of Muharram including Yawm ul-Ashura as the Holy Prophet ﷺ frequently repeated this supplication. The Prophets all had their supplications answered and Allah showered them and their nations with forgiveness when these supplications were utilized.
The Significance of the Hijrah to Madinah
The Islamic Calendar also began in this month with the Holy Prophet’s ﷺ arrival in Madinah on the 1st day of Muharram, where the people of Madinah greeted the Holy Prophet ﷺ with the famously known nasheed, Ta’al Badru Alayna. Therefore, the 1st of Muharram is a great opportunity to celebrate the Holy Prophet’s ﷺ coming as he is Rahmat ul-‘Alameen, i.e. a Mercy to the Universe.
The Martyrdom of Imaam al-Hussain
The first ten days are also important due to the martyrdom of Imaam al-Hussain 61 AH – Allah be well pleased with him – who was martyred on the 10th of Muharram, the important day of the month, the day of Ashurah. This is a opportunity to discuss the blessed Imaam’s life and discuss his biography, and the events surrounding his martyrdom.
The Fasting on the 10th of Ashura, and the 9th and the 11th
The Holy Prophet said that fasting on the day of Ashura [yawm ul-Ashura] is an expiation of sins for the previous year” Saheeh Muslim, Sunan Abu Dawud, Sunan an-Nisaa’i and Sunan Ibn Maajah
The great Sahaabi, Ibn Abbas – Radiy Allahu anhu - narrates that when the Holy Prophet ﷺ came to live in Madinah, we found the Jews fasting on yawm ul-Ashura. When asked the reason for their fasting, they replied that it was the day in which Allah liberated the Bani Israa’el from the enslavement of their enemies by sending Musa – alayhi as-Salaam – and that Musa – alayhi as-Salaam – had established the act of fasting out of thankfulness and that they simply followed him in this Sunnah. So the Holy Prophet ﷺ said “we have more of a right to Musa – alayhi as-Salaam – than the Bani Israa’el” Therefore the Muslims also fasted within this day [Mentioned in Saheeh al-Bukhaari and Saheeh Muslim].
Imaam Ahmad bin Hanbal – Rahimahullah - reports in his Musnad that Hazrat Ali – Allah be well pleased with him – narrates that a man came to the Messenger of Allah ﷺ and asked “O Messenger of Allah! Please inform me of a month in which I could fast within after the month of Ramadaan”. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ replied: “if you want to fast in any month after Ramadaan, then fast in Muharram because it is the month of Allah. It is a month which Allah accepted the tawbah [i.e. repentance] of a nation and will therefore accept the tawbah [i.e. repentance] of other nations [the Musnad of Imaam Ahmad 1/154 and also collected by Imaam at-Tirmidhi in his Jami’ Sunan at-Tirmidhi, hadeeth no. 741]
Thus, the Holy Prophet ﷺ has advised his Ummah in many ahadeeth to perform fasts in this blessed month. The Holy Prophet ﷺ fasted especially of the 10th of Muharram, i.e. the day of Ashurah, yet he also advised his Ummah to fast the 9th and the 11th also in order to differ from the Bani Israa’el as narrated by Ibn Abbas – radiy Allahu anhu – who narrate that the Holy Prophet said: “Fast on the day of Ashura, and do differently from the Jews [who fasted 25 hours] by fasting a day before it, and a day after [i.e. the 10th and the 11th]
Ibn Rajab al-Hanbali narrates a waakiyyah about one of the Ulemaa of the past who was seen in a dream. He was asked about his condition and he replied “I have been forgiven sixty years [worth of sin] by the virtue of my fasting on yawm ul-Ashura, and a day before it and a day after it”
‘Abdullah Ibn al-As – radiyAllahu anhu – said “The person who fasts on the day of Ashura is as if he has kept the fast for the entire year. The person who gives charity on this day is as if he gave charity for the entire year”.
www.thewahhabithreat.com | The Hanbali Files
|11-24-2011, 04:26 AM||#2|
Join Date: Nov 2004
Location: Islamic Republic of Iran
jazak Allah for sharing.
Shaykh Nazim said that this muHarram is special. He said that all Muslims must stay within their homes in this muHarram al shareef. They should not unnecessarily travel.
They should pray two raka'ah salat nafl for protection, and stay at home.
Ya Aba Bakr Ya 'Umar Ya 'Uthman Ya 'Ali
|11-24-2011, 06:08 AM||#3|
Join Date: Jul 2009
And why is that wadood?
How come you never question nazim al-qubrusi's and hisham kabbani's drivel and their deviancies, yet are free to lash out at the Habibs Umar and Ali Jifry?
For the record, I don't say this specific thing is disrespect or deviation from Sunni 3aqaid per se, but it is typical of nazim's useless predictions and/or scare tactics among the awam. The list of his similar drivel is endless, starting right from the end of israel in 1999 to there being a dragon/serpent in an old Turkish castle somewhere to Allah knows what else. This guy's "sufism" is nothing but a chapter from the Arabian Nights!
Think sheeple. Think, sheeple!
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